How to Diagnose Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?

In most cases where it is impractical to avoid Carpal Tunnel due to underlying medical factors, in time diagnosis and subsequent relief procedures are important to undertake. The medical practitioner will try to assess the condition and gauge the extent through a series of tests.

Tests for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Tests mentioned herewith can be performed at home without monitoring of a health practitioner as they aid in primary diagnosis of CTS.

  • Phalen’s Test: This test is provocative in nature and produces symptoms in case of the existence of the condition. Placing the elbows on a hard flat surface in a manner that the wrists dangle and the fingers point down while the back of both hands are pressed together back to back. The arousal of symptoms confirms the presence of the syndrome in the patient.
  • Hand/Thumb weakness: Poor object grappling is a significant indication of CTS. Thumb weakness can be evaluated by rising the thumb from the plane of the palm and stretching it so the thumb pad rests on the little finger pad.
  • Sensitivity Test: Slight pricking can help identify the extent of pain sensation near and around the median nerve running through the fingers. A late sign of carpal tunnel is the inability to tell the difference between one or two sharp points on the fingertip.

How to Diagnose Carpal Tunnel Syndrome by medical  device?

In case of the identification of primary indicators, the patient must be a medical practitioner at the earliest possibility so that the treatment procedures can be started. Foremost any practitioner will seek to examine the patient’s wrist, hand, and arm for the efficacy of usage and weakness in the area surrounding the thumb.

  • Electromyogram: In order to identify muscle damage the doctor will insert needle electrode in the muscle under examination. The electrode connected to a recording instrument will trace the electrical activity in the muscle as the muscle is contracted.
  • Nerve Conduction Study: Two electrodes are taped to the patient’s skin as a small shock is passed through the median nerve to monitor the response.
  • Your practitioner may ask for an X-ray to rule out the possibility of other injuries in the wrist such as a fracture or may run tests to differentiate arthritis from CTS.