Each year, many parents dash their children to the pediatrician’s office or the emergency department after their youngsters have been bitten by animals or other individuals. Consider the following figures: there are about 4.5 million dog bites reported annually in the United States, along with 400,000 cat bites and 250,000 human bites.
To prevent bites along with the infections related to them, below are some tips to keep in mind.
- Teach your youngster to avoid contact with wild animals. She also must stay away from dead creatures, whose nervous system tissues and saliva may include the rabies virus and who might be infested with fleas or ticks carrying various bacteria, viruses, and other infectious organisms.
- Never leave a young child alone with an animal. Even playful interaction between the child plus a pet can overexcite the creature and cause an sudden bite.
- Don’t enable your kid to tease a pet, play roughly with it (eg, pulling its tail), or catch its playthings, bones, or food.
- Prepare your child never to kiss or put her face close to an animal, nor to awaken a pet from slumber or disturb it while it’s eating. Educate your child the best way to behave when approached through an unfamiliar dog. She should not run from the dog or make any competitive movements, but instead face the dog, enable the dog to sniff her, and then back away slowly.
- Instruct older children to understand the signals of a potentially unsafe dog, including a rigid body, a stiff tail at half mast, a staring expression, hysterical barking, or a crouched position.
- Cover and fasten all garbage containers, that’ll keep raccoons and other wild animals from being attracted to your home and areas where children play. How Animal Bites Are
- Treated Here are some guidelines on treating an animal bite to lower the chance of developing an infection.
How Animal Bites Are Treated
Below are some guidelines on treating an animal bite to lower the chance of developing an infection.
- Apply firm pressure to the area of the sting using a clean bandage or towel before the flow of blood ceases. If you can’t stop the bleeding, contact your pediatrician.
Wash the wound gently but thoroughly with soap and water, dry it, and cover it using gauze.
- Contact your pediatrician whenever any creature bite breaks the skin, even when the wound seems mild. Your pediatrician may decide to suture (stitch) the wound and perhaps prescribe antibiotics or treatment to prevent rabies or tetanus. Antibiotics are given most commonly for moderate to serious bites, puncture wounds, or bites to the face, hand, foot, or genital region. Not only that , they are used for children using a weakened immune system.
- In the event the creature is unavailable to be observed and the risk of rabies is recognized as high, your doctor will give your youngster a particular kind of immune globulin and commence a number of immunizations contrary to the rabies virus, which will stop the illness from occurring. The immune globulin is injected to the bite wound. It should be given as soon as you possibly can to be most useful.
What do you need to do in the case of human bites, possibly from a sibling or playmate? Contact your pediatrician and describe the wound. Your pediatrician will desire to understand whether the bite has broken the skin and when the injury is big enough to need stitches. In case your doctor would like to examine the bite, wash it using soap and water before leaving for the office visit. For small wounds that barely break the skin, a thorough washing and bandaging might be all that’s wanted.